In 1991, an enterprise for the use of airspace and air traffic control was established - the Center Uzaeronavigation (CUAN). Its appearance marked a new epoch in the development of civil aviation of the Republic of Uzbekistan, made it possible to pursue a unified, targeted policy for the development and modernization of the air traffic control (ATC) system throughout Uzbekistan.
Enterprise Center "Uzaeronavigation" is a state-owned enterprise that is part of the system of the Ministry of Transport of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The subject of activity of SUE CUAN is air traffic service and radio technical support for flights.
SUE CUAN provides the following services:
• air navigation services for dispatching, flight information services for aircraft and emergency notification in the airspace of the Republic of Uzbekistan, through the use of communications, radar, navigation and automated ATC systems;
• communication services;
• services for the provision of aeronautical information;
• meteorological service through modernization, maintenance of meteorological equipment. Provides meteorological information to aircraft crews about the actual weather at the airfields of the Republic of Uzbekistan;
• services for the provision of an escort vehicle to aircraft at Islam Karimov International Airport of Tashkent.
SUE Center "Uzaeronavigation" provides air navigation services for the transit use of airspace - to more than 400 airlines and in the areas of airfields of the Republic of Uzbekistan, while providing take-off / landing - to more than 50 airlines.
SUE Center "Uzaeronavigation" is a specific enterprise, it has no analogues in the Republic of Uzbekistan. “Uzaeronavigation” provides state policy in the field of organizing safety and regularity of flights. In its activities it is guided by the standards and recommendations of ICAO, Eurocontrol, IATA, interacting with the Interstate Aviation Committee, the International Telecommunication Union and is a member of the Eurasia Coordinating Council.
Since its establishment SUE Center "Uzaeronavigation" has been dynamically developing:
♦ 1996 - opening of the Center for the Automated Air Traffic Control System (AS ATC) at Tashkent airport;
♦ 2002 - opening of AS ATC Centers at the airports of Samarkand, Bukhara, Urgench;
♦ 2008 - opening and commissioning of a new Navoi airport;
♦ Implementation of the Unified Corporate Communications Network (CES), which united all airports of NAC Uzbekistan Airways;
♦ Implementation of a new vertical separation system using RVSM, the purpose of which is to harmonize the airspace in the eastern part of the ICAO European Region;
♦ In 2014, ATC was introduced using absolute altitudes and a transition was made to approach control methods based on QNH pressure and ICAO units of measurement;
♦ Since 2014, TWTs have been eliminated at all NAC airports and the work of the newly created IARO body has been organized.
The concept of enlargement of ATC centers is being implemented. In the period from 2012 to the present, the air traffic services functions in the areas of responsibility of Navoi Air Traffic Center, Namangan Air Traffic Center and Nukus Air Traffic Center have been transferred to Tashkent Center of the Automated Air Traffic Control System,
The process of modernization of automated ATC systems, radar, navigation and landing equipment is ongoing.
SUE CUAN includes structural subdivisions geographically located in all regional airports of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The number, profile, composition and location of subdivisions of SUE CUAN are determined taking into account the tasks to be solved and are fixed by the structural scheme of the enterprise.
Center Uzaeronavigation assessed the condition of radio equipment installed at the airports of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Based on the assessment, the "Program for the development and modernization of ATC systems of the Republic of Uzbekistan from 2018 to 2030" was developed.
Starting from March 1, 2019, air traffic control in Nukus area of responsibility is carried out from a single hall of Tashkent center of the AS ATC.
It is planned to introduce area navigation routes, which are “a plan for the implementation of navigation in the airspace (PBN) of the Republic of Uzbekistan, based on a clear description.” Reducing the flight time (proper fuel economy, other costs associated with the operation of the aircraft, environmental protection) will significantly increase the attractiveness of the airspace of the Republic of Uzbekistan through the efficient use of airspace (increase in capacity).
New sections of ATS routes (OVD) are planned to be developed and introduced after agreement with the aviation authorities and air navigation service providers of neighboring countries, ministries and departments of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
After launching these routes, the air routes of the Republic of Uzbekistan will increase by 757 km.